As well as ghosts and spirits, There are other kinds of phenomena that have fascinated and puzzled humanity from the dawn of time. These are happenings that cannot be explained by science, and that cannot be understood or investigated by rational explanation or scientific methodology. Indeed, the word paranormal means against or beyond what is considered normal, every day reality.
Unidentified Flying Objects..
The possibility that life exists on other planets in the solar system has long been considered by astrologers, scientists and religious thinkers. It seems to be deep in the human psyche to look up at the stars and wonder what other beings may exist out there. There are many scientific theories, aided by an ever-advancing technology of space investigation, that seek to determine whether intelligent life exists outside our plant.
However, what most scientists reject is the idea that unidentified flying objects (UFO's) exist,
and that they are flown by alien races visiting or passing by planet Earth.
Nevertheless, may claim to have seen these objects, and a belief in them, as well as controversy about their existence, continues to be a constant source of fascination to the general public to this day. In the 1950's, ufologist, as they called themselves, tried to take a scientific approach to investigating tales of flying saucers.
In addition, government agencies researched such sightings,
often from a military perspective, to gather intelligence about possible threats.
Others, such as spiritualists and occultists, sought to prove extraterrestrial visitations as part of their general belief system about the spirit world.
In both cases, it was thought the the UFO's had special powers, were not subject to the ordinary laws of physics, and obeyed different norms. This was consistent with the idea that on other planes, different physical laws (such as the law of gravity) might hold sway.
Ghost Rockets And Foo Fighters..
Reports of UFO sightings generally turn out to be aeroplanes, air balloons and meteors.
However, in a small percentage of cases, there seems to be no rational explanation for them.
One of the most commonly seen objects is the flying saucer
(a term coined by pilot Kenneth Arnold in 1947).
Arnold reported seeing crescent-shaped aircraft in the sky. Later, the term UFO was adopted by the united states Air Force to cover all kinds of flying objects of different shapes and sizes.
From Ancient times, observers have reported seeing strange objects flying in the sky,
and often interpreted them as omens of religious significance.
In Western culture, there has been increasing interests in this phenomenon since the early 20th century, when a number of pilots have reported seeing such objects as circular shapes like manhole covers, wingless cylinders, huge oval and foo fighters, (metallic balls of light)
And ghost rockets flying at great speed through the sky, sometimes evening forcing the pilots to change direction to avoid collision.
The number of UFO reports, and the fact that they came from apparently sensible military sources,
gave cause for research, but many continued to claim that the sightings were the result of naturally occurring phenomena, such as light bouncing off clouds, or possibly due to mass delusions in times of stress, such as during battles in the air.
For Example, a trick of the light known as "Fata Morgana, in which objects are reflected, appear upside down, or distorted in some way, could be the explanation for seeing what looks like a UFO. There are certain cloud formations, knows as lenticular clouds, which have a round shape and could, in some weather conditions, resemble a flying saucer, hence their nickname, saucer clouds. Whatever the truth of the matter, most governments today no longer spend time and money on researching the phenomenon of UFO's, In 2009, the British government closed down its UFO unit, issuing the following explanation:
In over fifty years, no UFO report has revealed any evidence of a potential threat to the United Kingdom. The MoD has no specific capability for identifying the nature of such sightings.
There is no defence benefit in such investigation and it would be an inappropriate use of defence resources, Furthermore, responding to reported UFO sightings diverts MoD resources from tasks that are relevant to Defence.
It is significant that the government did not dismiss the possibility that UFO exist;
instead, it pointed out that the UFO's should they exist,
have posed no security threat to the country and are therefore not dangerous.
Low Flying Black Triangles..
Today, the consensus is that most apparent UFO sightings are in fact genuine errors,
In which the viewers sees an aircraft, heavenly boy or weather pattern,
And mistakes it for an alien spaceship. Very few are actual hoaxes.
However, between 5 and 20 per cent of sightings cannot be explained in any rational way.
These include a number of low-flying black triangles spotted over Belgium between 1989 and 1990; traces of apparent UFO aircraft landings indentation in the earth,
Strange magnetic fields, traces of unusual metal and crop circles found in the fields and forests;
and all kinds of photographic evidence, as well as radar tracking of flying objects in the sky.
To date, these mysteries have not been solved.
Some people believe that science is not yet sophisticated enough to explain the movements of objects that may be subject to physical laws of a universe other that our own:
Some that there must be rationale behind these sightings, but it has not yet been found.
Some believe that alien beings from other planets, or spirits from the world of the occult, are indeed visiting us and that their presence should be acknowledged,
whether or not they mean us harm.
The Existence Of Cryptids..
Cryptids are types of animals that are not catalogued by zoologists as existing on earth.
These include legendary monsters such as the Loch Ness Monster from Scotland.
Bigfoot from the Pacific Northwest of the USA, the Yeti or Abominable snowman from the Himalays and various types of werewolf from different parts of Europe.
Other cyptids include two creatures from the US, a dragon-like animal known as the Jersey Devil,
from New Jersey and the Mothman, from West Virginia,
And from Mexico, the chupacabra, a kangaroo-like creature that is said to kill and eat goats.
The Mystery of BigFoot..
Sightings of bigfoot, also known as Sasquatch, were first reported in the 19th century, in parts of Washington, Oregon, California, Canada, and Alaska.
The creature was said to be huge, nearly 8ft (2.4m) tall, and covered in thick brown fur.
It was sometimes seen in families, with what seemed to be a mother, father and children.
In addition, trackers have alleged that large footprints in snow or soft ground are evidence of the existence of this mysterious creature.
Bigfoot is said not to wear any clothes, not to speak a language and not to use tools.
It is thought to be a primitive being, who only communicates by a series of simple calls.
The explanations for the existence of such a creature are various; some people believe it is a throwback to prehistoric times when the creature mated with a Neanderthal to create the Bigfoot of today; other people suggest that it is an animal not yet catalogues by zoologists.
The Loch Ness Monster..
Another enduring mystery is that of the Loch Ness Monster, affectionately known as Nessie.
This creature is said to have a sleek, rubbery 20ft (6.1m) long.
Many visitors to the loch claim to have witnessed the monster, and in some cases, have photographed their findings.
Theories abound as to what the monster is, some suggest that it may be an extremely large sea serpent living in the loch. Others claim that it is a zeuglodon, a type of primitive whale with horns.
To date, the mystery has not been solved and the possibility of catching a glimpse of Nessie continues to be a tourist attraction in the area.
Werewolves, otherwise known as Lycons, have been seen in many cultures across the world for centuries. Stories about them are particularly prevalent in Europe, where legend has it they are human beings who have transformed into wolves, often through evil, supernatural powers.
A number of myths are attached to them, such as that they can only make this transformation during a full moon, and that they can only be killed by a silver bullet.
According to cryptozoologists, who attempt to explain the existence of cryptids like these, werewolves may be an unknown species of wild dog, or alternatively a type of Bigfoot that has been mistaken for a wolf.
Most cryptozoologists discount the existence of vampires, since they do not believe that human beings can transform themselves into vampires at night and search for human blood to ensure their survival. As far as they are concerned, this is the stuff of folklore and mythology, holding psychological rather than scientific significance for humanity in general.
However, cryptozoologists are interested in the possibility that vampiric animals exist and will conduct research into sightings of legendary creatures such as the Chupacabra.
As they point out, in actual fact, many creatures live on blood, including leeches, mosquitoes and vampire bats, but to date, it seems unlikely that a blood-sucking legendary creature such as a vampire actually exists in reality.